Tropospheric Emissions: Monitoring of Pollution
Phase: Under Study
Start Date: 2013
Program(s):Earth System Science Pathfinder
TEMPO will measure atmospheric pollution covering most of North America, from Mexico City to the Canadian tar/oil sands, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific hourly and at high spatial resolution. TEMPO’s measurements from geostationary orbit (GEO) of tropospheric ozone, ozone precursors, aerosols, and clouds will create a revolutionary dataset that provides understanding and improves prediction of air quality (AQ) and climate forcing.
TEMPO spectroscopic measurements in the ultraviolet and visible provide a tropospheric measurement suite that includes the key elements of tropospheric air pollution chemistry. Measurements are for geostationary orbit, to capture the inherent high variability in the diurnal cycle of emissions and chemistry. A small product spatial footprint resolves pollution sources at sub-urban scale. Together, this temporal and spatial resolution improves emission inventories, monitors population exposure, and enables effective emission-control strategies.
This instrument will take advantage of a geostationary (GEO) host spacecraft to provide a modest cost mission that measures the spectra required to retrieve O3, NO2, SO2, H2CO, C2H2O2, H2O, aerosols, cloud parameters, and UVB radiation. TEMPO thus measures the major elements, directly or by proxy, in the tropospheric O3 chemistry cycle. Multi-spectral observations provide sensitivity to O3 in the lowermost troposphere, reducing uncertainty in air quality predictions by 50%. TEMPO will also quantify and track the evolution of aerosol loading. It will allow near-real-time air quality products that will be made widely available to the public.